Tobacco smoke as a risk factor for meningococcal disease. 1997, Fischer, Pediatr Infect Dis J

The risk of meningococcal infection in a child under 18 years of age, increases by 3.8 times if their mother smokes.
Smoking increases the risk of meningococcal infection in adults by 2.4 times, passive smoking by 2.5 times, and chronic disease by 10.8 times.


Second hand smoke exposure and the risk of invasive meningococcal disease in children: systematic review and meta-analysis. 2012, Murray, BMC Public Health

Passive smoking increases the risk of meningococcal infection by 2.2 times. When both parents smoke, the risk increases by 8 times. More: [1] [2] [3]
In Ghana, where meningococcal meningitis is much more common than in developed countries, cooking in wood-burning ovens is associated with a 9-fold higher risk of infection.


Passive smoking, invasive meningococcal disease and preventive measures: a commentary. 2012, Rashid, BMC Med

When parents only smoke outside of the house, it does not decrease the level of nicotine in the children’s hair, which might indicate that the smokers continue to exhale nicotine after smoking. This hints at that the risk of meningococcal infection will not decrease if smoking is prohibited only in certain places, like homes, cars and hospitals, but a full ban is needed. It is known, however, that a relatively small number of people quit smoking, so vaccinating children will probably be more effective. Moreover, there’s hope that children will be able to protect their smoking parents from meningococcus through collective immunity.


The Association between Active and Passive Smoking and Latent Tuberculosis Infection in Adults and Children in the United States: Results from NHANES. 2014, Lindsay, PLoS One

Active and passive smoking is associated with a doubling of the risk of tuberculosis. In past and present smokers, the risk of infection with the tuberculosis bacterium, the risk of developing tuberculosis, the risk of complications, and the risk of death from tuberculosis are increased.
The risk of recurrent tuberculosis was 2 times higher in those who smoked more than 10 cigarettes a day than non-smokers. In addition: [1] [2] [3] [4]


Cigarette smoking and invasive pneumococcal disease. Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Team. 2000, Nuorti, N Engl J Med

Smoking is associated with an increase in the risk of invasive pneumococcal infection in adults 4.1 times, and passive smoking - 2.5 times.
Chronic disease is associated with an increase in risk in 2.6 times. People with incomplete secondary education are sick 2.8 times more often, and with secondary education is 2 times more likely, compared with people with higher education.

Haemophilus influenzae

Day care attendance and other risks factors for invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b disease. 1993, Arnold, Am J Epidemiol

Passive smoking is associated with an increased risk of Hib by 40%. Kindergarten - with a 2.9-fold increase in risk. BF - with a 50% reduction in risk. Blacks were 4.1 times more sick.

Haemophilus influenzae

Risk factors for invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b in Los Angeles County children 18-60 months of age. 1992, Vadheim, Am J Epidemiol

An analysis of all cases of Hib in Los Angeles in 1988/9 (8.7 million people, of whom 750,000 are children under the age of 5).A total of 88 cases were recorded among children during the year, with a lethality rate of 4.5%.
Risk Hib in children in homes where more than 2 smokers live was six times higher.
Six or more people living in one house are associated with an increased risk of Hib 3.71 times Negroes are 3.47 times more likely to suffer and also increase the risk of chronic disease and low income.
Vaccination and breastfeeding (in white) reduce the risk of Hib.Vac vaccination with a polysaccharide vaccine increased the risk of Hib.
In another iss The study found that the smoking parent increased the Hib risk by 2.37 times.


У младенцев чьи матери курили во время беременности, риск смерти был в 4 раза выше по сравнению с некурящими матерями. Риск СВДС был повышен также если матери продолжали курить после рождения. Чем больше мать курила, чем выше был риск смерти. Курение отца тоже повышало риск СВДС. Еще: [1]
У младенцев матерей-алкоголиков риск СВДС повышен в 7-8 раз выше, а риск смерти от других причин был в 2.3 раза выше. Еще: [1]

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