Day care

Pneumococcus

Risk factors for primary invasive pneumococcal disease among children in Finland. 1995, Takala, JAMA

Kindergarten is associated with an increase in the risk of pneumococcal infection among children under 2 years of age by 36 times, and the risk of frequent otitis media is 8.8 times.

Haemophilus influenzae

Risk factors of invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b disease among children in Finland. 1989, Takala, J Pediatr

Visiting kindergarten is associated with a 5-fold increase in Hib risk, previous hospitalizations - with a 90% increase in risk, BF for more than 6 months lowered the risk by 53%.

Haemophilus influenzae

Day care attendance and other risks factors for invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b disease. 1993, Arnold, Am J Epidemiol

Passive smoking is associated with an increased risk of Hib by 40%. Kindergarten - with a 2.9-fold increase in risk. BF - with a 50% reduction in risk. Blacks were 4.1 times more sick.

Haemophilus influenzae

A case-control assessment of risk factors for Haemophilus influenzae type b meningitis. 1993, Sherry, Eur J Pub Health

BF for more than a month is associated with a decrease in the risk of meningitis from Hib by 62%, BF for more than 9 months - with a decrease in risk by 88%. Kindergarten - with a risk increase of 2.6-4.7 times.

Haemophilus influenzae

Risk factors for primary invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease: increased risk from day care attendance and school-aged household members. 1985, Istre, J Pediatr

Among children under 6 months of age, exclusive HB is associated with a 90% reduction in Hib risk. Visiting kindergarten - increasing the risk by 1.9-5.9 times. The larger the group in the garden, the higher the risk.